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Singapore: Background and U.S. Relations. Congressional Research Service. Summary. A former trading and military outpost of the British.
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We see the uniqueness in each employee, and we want to see you achieve your aspirations and dreams. Be bold, dream big. Go further. While our business is about growing assets, there is none more important than our people. See the graduate programmes available. Select your language. Accordingly, the government has, over the years, engineered a range of policies to promote social stability, including racial quotas in housing and racial representativeness requirements for election candidates.

Public acts of protest are strongly proscribed.

EU-Singapore relations in a global context

He eventually was granted asylum in the United States. At percent in , Singapore had the second-highest trade-to-GDP ratio in the world, after Luxembourg, which leaves it particularly vulnerable to turns against globalization and free trade in the West. Its primary exports include electronics, pharmaceutical products, petroleum and mineral products, and industrial equipment.


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  8. After the United States withdrew from the TPP in , Singapore signed an agreement with the eleven remaining countries. Singapore has several other free trade agreements, including one with the United States and one with China. While U. Trump have drawn a rebuke from the highly trade-dependent country. Relationships with the United States and China. As a small country that keeps close ties with both the United States and China, Singapore has had to walk a careful line between these competing powers. Today, Singapore is a close strategic partner for the United States in Asia, and the two countries have particularly advanced military ties.

    The U. Navy uses Singaporean naval facilities to support its operations in Southeast Asia. Even though it is not a U. Singapore has also sought warm ties with China, but their relationship has been difficult at times. In recent years, China has taken steps to drive a wedge between Singapore and its longtime partner Taiwan, which China considers a breakaway territory. Tensions spiked in when China seized several Singaporean military vehicles that were returning from maneuvers with Taiwan.

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    More recently, Singapore has broadly refrained from commenting on great powers matters. The extent to which Singapore should voice its preferences on the South China Sea and other regional issues also remains an active debate. Relations between the two countries extend beyond economic ties to political and cultural ties.

    Andrea Benvenuti praises the work for bringing to light the role that smaller regional actors played in the Cold War in Southeast Asia. Although the Lee government generally supported the American cause, it had to act in a manner that did not offend any anti-Communist, Communist, or nonaligned state actors. The United States wanted to work with Australia as well as to exploit the bases in Singapore in order to preserve Western influence in the area. Ngoei lauds Chua for bringing those understudied American ventures to light. Finally, Robert Taylor, like Ngoei, commends Chua for elucidating how the bloodshed and violence in Vietnam economically profited countries such as Singapore.

    They suggest that it would have been sufficient for Chua to have argued that the Singaporean government shared common interests with Washington and was at its core pro-American. Benvenuti is of the view that Chua could have tightened the chronological structure of the book. State Department to make his case.

    Ngoei also thinks the archival materials deposited at the Richard Nixon library could have been fruitfully utilized so as to develop the narrative. Taylor submits that Chua glosses over Singapore-U. The book should also stimulate further research on how postcolonial and small states maneuvered during times of war—both cold and hot—to find their place in the sun.

    Joey Long is associate professor of history at the National University of Singapore.

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    He has also published articles on Asia-U. Educated at Florence University, Monash University and Oxford University, Andrea Benvenuti currently teaches twentieth-century international history and diplomacy at both undergraduate and postgraduate level. His research interests lie in the field of post international history with a strong focus on the Cold War in both Asia and Europe.

    He is currently working on two major projects: a multi-authored two-volume book examining the impact of Western power on the shaping of the Asian regional system and a single-authored book dealing with Western responses to the challenge of Afro-Asianism and non-alignment in Asia He completed his doctoral work in the history of U. Robert H. Coming from a high-ranking government official representing a country which had ostensibly made non-alignment the cornerstone of its foreign policy, these comments—and, in particular, the depiction of Whitlam as a neutralist bent on undermining Western policy in Asia—were, to say the least, surprising.

    Or, a few years later, when Lee sought to play the Soviet card by pursuing closer diplomatic and commercial ties with Moscow ch. Although Lee's sympathies lay with the West, domestic and international factors combined, according to Chua, to produce a public posture that shunned overt identification with one of the two blocs. Similarly, its prosperity hinged on the retention of the British military installations, which provided, directly or indirectly, a source of income to a large number of Singaporeans In addition, while not privy to American and Commonwealth regional defence planning, Lee was shrewd enough to suspect that, under certain circumstances, the U.

    But, as chapter 5 of his book also highlights, prospects of greater economic cooperation with the U.

    By , therefore, relations between Singapore and the U. At the same time, it has the merit of placing U. Based on a close examination of recently declassified American, British, and Australian government files, US-Singapore Relations, Strategic Non-Alignment in the Cold War is, therefore, a solid work of international history which makes a welcome contribution to the growing literature on the role of small regional powers in the unfolding of the Cold War in Southeast Asia. The book has much to commend it, in this respect.

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    It’s Complicated: Singapore–China Relations, an Overview

    Far too often, the unfolding of the Cold War in Southeast Asia has been narrated through the concerns and policies of the key Western powers or the interplay between these powers and their communist rivals. In the process, the attitudes, goals and concerns of smaller regional actors have tended to take a back seat. In this regard, it follows in the footstep of another excellent work on Singapore-U.

    That said, I do have some very minor critical comments. Now and then, I found myself going back and forth through the book in an attempt to make sure that I fully appreciated the proper sequencing of American and Singaporean decisions and actions. T he history of U. If understandable, this state of affairs is nevertheless regrettable. For, even though U. There remain disappointingly few major works on U.

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    In comparison, the history of U. Chua, on the other hand, explores how Singapore—newly independent in after ejection from the Malaysian Federation—formulated its foreign policy in response to the U. And though, like Ang, Chua states that overall U.